The Fundamentals of Bitcoin: A Beginner’s Guide to Digital Money

Bitcoin is a decentralized digital asset. Bitcoin is a digital asset decentralized.

Bitcoin is a hot topic these days. Many people wonder what it is, what makes it so popular, and what its future holds for e-commerce.

What is Bitcoin?

Bitcoin (BTC), a cryptocurrency, is a virtual currency that acts as money and can be used to make payments without the involvement of a third party. It rewards blockchain miners who verify transactions. It can be bought on many exchanges.

Bitcoin was first introduced to the public by an anonymous developer, or group of developers, using Satoshi Nakamoto in 2009.

Since then, it has become the most popular cryptocurrency in the entire world. The popularity of Bitcoin has led to the creation of many other cryptocurrencies.

These competitors try to replace or use them as security or utility tokens within other blockchains or emerging financial technologies.

From where does Bitcoin originate?

Mining is the process that generates bitcoins. Individual miners, or groups working together, solve a mathematical problem using powerful computer processors.

This creates new bitcoins and maintains the integrity and security of all bitcoin transactions on the network.

The block is a list that contains the transaction details of the Bitcoin transfer around the globe. The miners confirm and write the transactions into the general ledger.

This is basically a list of blocks known as Blockchain. The Blockchain is accessible to anyone who wants to see any transactions made between Bitcoin addresses at any point in the network.

For those interested, this blog from Coindesk explains the process in more detail. Miners receive bitcoins in return for their efforts to maintain the Blockchain.

To ensure the data system remains secure, the mining process uses various checks and balances to ensure it is not tampered with.

The number of bitcoins that can be found is finite — 21 million, to be precise — and as the difficulty of mining increases over time to limit the number of coins discovered each day, the number of bitcoins will be limited. All 21 million bitcoins are expected to be mined in 2140.

Fundamentals of Bitcoin

Understanding the Bitcoin

The domain name was registered in August 2008. This domain, at least today, is Who is Guard Protected. That means the identity of the individual who registered it isn’t public information. 2

A person or group claiming to be Satoshi Nakamoto posted on the Cryptography Mailing List of in October 2008: “I have been working on a peer-to-peer electronic cash system without a trusted third party.”

The now famous white paper, “Bitcoin: a Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System”, published on, would eventually become the Magna Carta of how Bitcoin works today. 2

Satoshi Nakamoto. “Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System.”

Block 0 was mined on Jan. 3, 2009. Block 0 was the first block mined in 2009, on Jan. 3.

For every 210,000 blocks, the Bitcoin reward is reduced by half. In 2009, for example, the block rewards were 50 new bitcoins. The third halving will occur on May 11, 2020. This will reduce the reward per block to 6.25 Bitcoins.

What is a Bitcoin wallet?

A Bitcoin wallet is software that runs on your computer or dedicated device. It provides all the necessary functionality to send, receive and secure Bitcoin.

Contrary to popular belief, bitcoin is not actually stored in the wallet. The wallet stores the cryptographic key, a specialized password proving Bitcoin ownership on the Bitcoin network.

When a Bitcoin transaction occurs, ownership transfers from the sender’s to the receiver’s hands. The network then uses the recipient’s keys as a new “password” to access the Bitcoin.

Bitcoin uses public-key encryption (PKC), a method that preserves the integrity of its Blockchain. PKC was originally used to encrypt or decrypt messages.

It is now used by blockchains to protect transactions. This system only allows individuals with the correct keys to access specific coins.

How do you buy Bitcoin?

You can buy Bitcoin on a cryptocurrency exchange if you do not want to mine it. You can purchase portions of BTC in these exchanges using fiat currencies like U.S. Dollars. For example, you can purchase bitcoins on Cobase by creating an account.

Your account can be funded using your debit or credit card. This video will explain how to buy Bitcoin.

How Is Bitcoin Used?

Bitcoin was originally designed and released to be a peer-to-peer payment system. Due to its growing value and the competition of other blockchains and cryptocurrencies, Bitcoin’s use cases are increasing.

Fundamentals of Bitcoin

How does a Bitcoin exchange work?

Bitcoin exchange involves trading bitcoins for local currencies, products, services, or other cryptocurrencies. You can choose from peer-to-peer exchanges to centralized exchange services that look like stock trading accounts.

Bitcoin: Is it a good investment?

Bitcoin’s short history of investing is filled with volatile prices. The success of a Bitcoin investment is dependent on your financial profile and goals, as well as your portfolio, risk tolerance and investing objectives. Please consult a financial expert before investing in crypto to ensure it’s right for you.

How does Bitcoin make money?

Bitcoin miners make money by validating blocks successfully and getting rewarded. Bitcoins can be exchanged for fiat currencies via cryptocurrency exchanges and used to purchase goods and services from retailers and merchants who accept them. Bitcoins can be bought and sold by investors and speculators to make money.

How long does it take to mine one Bitcoin?

The mining network takes, on average, 10 minutes to validate and create a block. Bitcoin rewards are 6.25 BTC for each block. It takes 100 seconds to mine 1 BTC.

Fundamentals of Bitcoin

What is a Bitcoin wallet that you can keep yourself?

Bitcoin wallets can be divided into two categories:

  • Custodial. This means the wallet provider has access to your Bitcoin.
  • Self-custodial. This means the wallet provider doesn’t have access to your Bitcoin.

Whether the wallet provider has access to your Bitcoin has several important implications. We recommend keeping your digital assets in a self-custodial wallet like the Wallet app.


Bitcoin is a potentially revolutionary and exciting technology with a variety of uses. Understanding the basics of Bitcoin is essential to making informed decisions on how to best use it.

This article provides a comprehensive introduction to cryptocurrency, with key terms, resources, tools, and safety tips when using digital money.


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